Leaving from Cuma, mother of the West, to whom we owe the foundation of Palepolis on the hill of Monte Echia. We then reach the spectacular Roman cistern, the final destination of the Augustan aqueduct. We will admire unique finds and breathtaking views from the Aragonese Castle of Baia which houses the Museum Phlegrean Fields. Then lunch break is going to be in a suitable location. Finally we will visit the Amphitheater that the citizens of the ancient Puteoli built at their own expense.
Cumae, mother of the west, was the first colony the Greeks founded on the mainland. They situated all the temples upon the acropolis, the temple of Apollo is linked to the myth of Daedalus, written by Virgil. It's here Aeneas met the Sybil, a priestess famous for her prophesies.
The ancient Baia, for the precence of thermal waters and the beauty of it's landscape, was a resort for rest and vacation of the roman aristocracy. Between the third and the fifth centuries A.D.the phenomena of Bradyeism provoked this slow sinking of it's docks, villas and edifices and it contributed to the depopulation of the area. A part of the ancient city is now under water and is part of the Underwater Park of Baia protecting a valuable marine archeologichal ambience.
In the archeological museum we have finds of extraordinary value coming from Cumae, Pozzuoli, Baia on display. The museum is hosted in the Aragonese castle of Baia, the fortress was constructed in defence against attacks from Carlo VIII's troops. From the terraces of the monument you have the chance to admire one of the most fascinating natural sceneries of the gulf of Pozzuoli, with a view of Vesuvio and the islands of Capri and Ischia.
The Piscina Mirabilis was constructed to give place to the imperial fleet staying in the harbour of Miseno, the Classis Misenensis. It's the largest roman cistern in Italy completely carved out of the tufo, terminal point of the Augustan aqueduct which now presents itself as an enormous subterranean cathedral.
The Flavian amphitheatre is the third amphitheatre of the roman epoch, the only larger ones in Italy were the Colosseum and the Capuan amphitheatre. It gives you an idea of the importance of Pozzuoli during Imperial times, as it was constructed shortly after another amphitheatre in the city. Pozzuoli, which became Augustus Flavius Colony under the reign of Vespatian, built the Amphitheatre at his own expense during the 70's of the first century A.D.
The Amphitheatre of Pozzuoli preserved it's subterranean parts perfectly, where you can observe the complex system for raising of cages of wild animals used in gladiatorial games.
Il Parco archeologico di Baia Sommersa è stato istituito nel 2002. E' compreso in un'area marina protetta che racchiude i resti del Portus Julius, di ville romane, strade basolate e complessi termali che, a causa dell'attività vulcanica (bradisismo), sono stati ricoperti dall'acqua nel corso dei secoli.
Time tour: 7 h